Racial trauma can be defined as the cumulative traumatizing impact of racism on a racialized individual, which can include individual acts of racial discrimination combined with systemic racism, and typically includes historical, cultural, and community trauma as well.
This literature review explores the research and scholarship on the subject, evidence of harms, mechanisms, assessment, treatment, and future directions in addressing racial trauma.
Williams, M. T., Haeny, A. M., & Holmes, S. C. (2021). Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Racial Trauma. PTSD Research Quarterly, 32(1), 1–9.
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